The Passover was part of God’s plan of deliverance from Egypt’s bondage. It involved sacrifice (firstborn sons of Egypt and sacrifice of lambs for Israel). This needed faith in God’s promise: each family needed to kill a lamb and apply its blood on the doorpost. Israel’s firstborn sons were spared, while Egyptian firstborn sons were killed.
This ritual was to play a central part in the worship of the nation ever after: it was to be a feast, a holy convocation, and a service for all generations (12:14, 25, 48). But it was for faithful members of the covenant.
Allen P. Ross, Recalling the Hope of Glory (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2006) , 160.
Essentially, however, the ritual centered on a blood sacrifice in which an animal died and the human lived (the same substitution in Gen. 22), and so it was a celebration of redemption and life.Ross, 161.
The Passover is a foreshadow of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God’s ultimate sacrifice. During the Last Supper, which was their Passover meal, “Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take and eat it; this is My body.” Then He took a cup, and after giving thanks, He gave it to them and said, “Drink from it, all of you. For this is My blood that establishes the covenant; it is shed for many for the forgiveness of sins. But I tell you, from this moment I will not drink of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it in a new way in My Father’s kingdom with you” (Matthew 26:26-30, HCSB).
The statement ‘This is my body’ is not part of the Passover ritual, but it was prompted by the description of the Passover bread as the ‘bread of affliction (Deu. 16:3). In what became eucharistic language, Jesus had earlier claimed to be the Bread of Life that came down from heaven to give life (John 6:35). But now he explained further that his body was the bread of affliction, indicating that it would be given up for his disciples.”Ross, 395.
‘This is my blood of the new covenant’ (Mt 26:28) confirms that he was appropriating sacrificial language to himself, for ‘body [flesh]’ and now ‘blood’ designated two component features of Israel’s sacrificial animals…The declaration of Paul is the point: ‘Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us’ (1 Cor. 5:7).Ross, 396.
Jesus identified Himself as the Passover Lamb. His death fulfilled Passover. Through His resurrection, Jesus fulfilled the Feast of Firstfruits.
As we celebrate Holy Week, especially Easter, may we always acknowledge what Jesus Christ had done, and truly worship Him. He died on the cross and rose from the grave, so that those who put their trust in Him as Savior, Lord, and God, will have forgiveness of sins and eternal life.
May y’all have a blessed Easter/Resurrection Day!